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William S. Richardson, An Annotated Bibliography: UH Law School

A bibliography for researchers of Chief Justice William Shaw Richardson and the William S. Richardson School of Law at the University of Hawaii at Manoa - with aloha.

About C.J. Richardson

By Richard S. Miller, former Dean of the William S. Richardson School of Law, and Professor Emeritus

William S. Richardson is the namesake of the law school. He is a former Chief Justice of the Hawai'i State Supreme Court, having served in that capacity from 1966 to 1982. He later served as a trustee of what is now Kamehameha Schools/Bishop  Estate. Prior to his service as the top jurist in Hawai'i, Chief Justice Richardson was Lieutenant Governor under John A. Burns. Before that, he was in the private practice of law, was an  advocate for statehood and served as chairman of the Hawai'i Democratic Party from 1956 to 1962.

Of native Hawaiian, Chinese and Caucasian ancestry,Chief Justice Richardson has termed himself as "just a local boy from Hawai'i." He graduated from Roosevelt High School and the University of Hawai'i at Manoa. He earned his law degree from the University of Cincinnati. At the outset of World \War II he volunteered to serve in the U.S. Army and saw combat as a platoon leader with the 1st Filipino Infantry Regiment. He was later inducted into the Infantry Officer Candidate School Hall of Fame.

The Richardson court helped expand native Hawaiian rights to use private property. It gave the public more access to private lands to beaches. It awarded new land created by lava flows to the state, instead of to nearby property owners. It broadened the rights of citizens to challenge land court decisions. In the court's own words, "The western concept of exclusivity is not universally applicable in Hawai'i." This new yet old way of thinking sometimes drew criticism from the government and legal profession but has become recognized as an enlightened approach for this unique place in the world.

In 1983, before his retirement from the bar, Chief Justice Richardson was memorialized with the naming of the law school in his honor. The William S. Richardson School of Law is the state's only law school and is considered by many to be his crowning achievement, having fought for its establishment for decades. Until his death in 2010 Chief Justice Richardson remained involved with the continuing development of the law school and was frequently called upon by the faculty, student body and community for his knowledge, insight and inspiration. He remained "in residence" at the school and could be found almost daily in his office, which he graciously shared with the University of Hawai'i Elder Law Program.

Law School Establishment Timeline

Search the online Index to the Honolulu Advertiser and the Honolulu Star-Bulletin covering 1929-1967 for "law school."  Hamilton Library has indexes in print and microform between 1929 and 1990.  Many news articles are only available on microform.  Please check this guide to Newspapers at Hamilton Library for more information. 

Read more about the history of the William S. Richardson School of Law:

  • Lawrence C. Foster, The William S. Richardson School of Law Celebrates 25 Years, 2 Haw. B.J. 6 (April 1998) (University of Hawaii, Law Library; Call No. K8 .A92)
  • Tributes to the William S. Richardson School of Law on Its 25th Anniversary, 21 U. Haw. L. Rev. 1 (1999).

Timeline

Gov. Burns and Wm. Richardson

Sep. 3, 1960 - Gov. William F. Quinn, a Republican, makes statements about the possibility of a law school in Hawaii.  (Honolulu Star-Bulletin)

Jan. 8, 1963 - Citizens' views about the establishment of a local law school.  (Honolulu Star-Bulletin)

Nov. 15, 1966 - C.J. William S. Richardson, a Democrat, publicly announces his plans to create a law school at the University of Hawaii.  (Honolulu Advertiser; Honolulu Star-Bulletin)

1966 - Judicial Council Subcommittee on Legal Education appointed.

1967 Legislation - H.R. 284 requests the Governor to conduct a study of the feasibility of establishing a law school in the State of Hawaii.  The study was never done because funds wer never appropriated for it.  In response, Thomas Hamilton, President of the University of Hawaii, conducted a study funded by the McInery Foundation that was released in Jan. 1968.

Jan. 1967 - Report by the Subcommittee on Legal Education recommending a law school for Hawaii.

Feb. 16, 1967 - Gov. John A. Burns' Address, Joint Session, Fourth State Legislature, General Session of 1967.  Asks the legislature to fund a law school feasibility study.  (Legislative Reference Bureau)

Jan. 1968 - The Feasibility of Establishing a Law School at the University of Hawaii by the Office of the President is published.  It is widely known that Mildred Doi Kosaki authored the unsigned report.  It is privately funded by the McInerny Foundation. (University of Hawaii, Hamilton Library; Call No. KF292.H383 A54.)

1969 Legislation - H.R. 284; S.B. 300; H.B. 630; H.B. 897 introduced. (Legislative Reference Bureau)

Mar. 1969 - Warren-Mearns report on the feasibility of a law school. Warren, William C. The School of Law, University of Hawaii: Its Feasibility and Social Importance. Honolulu, 1969. (University of Hawaii, Law Library; Call No. KF292.H384 W37 1969; also available at Hamilton Library)

1970 Legislation - H.B. 1339; H.B. 1504 introduced; H.B. 1260-70 (appropriations bill with funds allocated for a law school feasibility study) passed.  (Legislative Reference Bureau)

Feb. 13, 1970 - University of Hawaii President Harlan Cleveland envisions a law school that is innovative. (Honolulu Advertiser)

Sep. 5, 1970 - Gov. John A. Burns declares that the University will have a law school within five years in a speech to the Hawaii State Bar Ass'n Young Lawyers Section.

Dec. 1970 - Cost benefit analysis by Dean of Stanford Law School.  Ehrlich, Thomas, and Manning, Bayless. Programs in Law at the University of Hawaii: a Report to the President of the University. [s.l: s.n.], 1970. (University of Hawaii, Hamilton Library; Call No. KF292 .H384 E4)

1971 - Meller, Norman. Hawaii Law School Study. Legislative Reference Bureau. Report no. 3, 1971. Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 1971. (University of Hawaii, Hamilton & Law Libraries; Call No. KF292 .H384 M44)


July 1, 1971
- Act 146 becomes law. Appropriates $192,500 for the law school during 1971-73 fiscal years (FY 1971-72 $67,000; FY1972-73 $125,000). Originally codified at H.R.S. § 304-62 (recodified 2006 at § 304a-1351). [H.B. 937; H.D. 1; S.D. 1; H.S.C.R. 633; H.S.C.R. 694; S.S.C.R. 797] (Legislative Reference Bureau)

Act 146

There shall be a school of law at the University of Hawaii, to be under the direction of a dean or director who shall be appointed by the president with the approval of the board of regents. Subject to the availability of funds, faculty, and facilities, the school shall offer such courses of study as may be deemed appropriate and confer such degrees as may be authorized by the Board of Regents.

H.S.C.R. 694 House Floor Debate

Representative Kimura [then] stated:

"Mr. Speaker, I rise to speak in favor of House Bill 937, HD 1.

Hawaiʻi is respected throughout the United States as having a Legislature not bound and tied by tradition, but by a Legislature bound to tackle the challenge of new developments.

The new institution of law at the University of Hawaiʻi will bring a much needed solution to a problem existing in Hawaiʻi for too long.

Hawaiʻi students have had to travel to the mainland to obtain a law degree. This, as a concept, is not crushing for a varied social and educational exposure adheres to a broadened perspective in the healthy growth of a young community.

Crushing, for too long, however, is the situation faced by students who are unable to finance the travel, tuition and living costs away from home.

Now, the opportunity of equal education for all students, despite economic background, illuminates as a vision fulfilled--the fulfillment that each individual can contribute to his society in a way that satisfies his own self esteem.

It is becoming alarmingly difficult for / Hawaiʻi students to gain admission to mainland law schools and, therefore, Iimiting the vision of acquiring a legal education to a dim light.

The need for a law school is not uniquely a Hawaii dilemma. The rapid y' population growth, a sharp rise for legal assistance, a booming increase of law school applicants have awakened the Association of American Law Schools in projecting the need for more law institutions throughout the United States.

Hawaii remains isolated in being one y' out of seven states that has no tax-supported law school. We hope that this isolation in the very near future will not include our Pacific State.

The University complex, as well as our community, will be enriched by the intellectual discipline of law in generating a deeper understanding and appreciation of law, its process and its consequences. Other related fields of discipline will profit through the research and academic activity of solving social and economic problems through cooperative adventures. Practicing attorneys will be enlightened through the offering of special and advanced courses through a continuing education program. The illuminating presence of a body of legal scholars will radiate in fact throughout the island wide community.

Mr. Speaker, Hawaiʻi‘s reservoir of talent will therefore be employed to the pressing problems of our changing technological society by the establishment of a law school at the University of Hawaii. Thank you."

The motion to adopt the report of the Committee and to pass H. B. No. 937, having been read throughout, on Third Reading, was put by the Chair and carried by a vote of 50 ayes to 1 no, with Representative Fong voting no.

S.S.C.R. 797 - Senate Floor Debate

At this time, Senator Rohlfing rose to speak against the bill. He said he is convinced by research and by the financial aspects involved that Hawaii is not ready for a law school. He said it is a matter of whether a person believes that the State can afford the program at this time or
whether there are not other alternatives not explored adequately to give students in the community a chance to go to mainland schools on reciprocal basis. He added that other agreements can be worked out such as subsidies for students without adequate funds.

Senator Rohlfing also pointed out that unlike the bill on a medical school talked about a week ago, although the bill on a law school talks about an appropriation for research and development phase, it does say in Section l, "There shall be a law school", which is quite a distinct difference from the bill dealing with medical school. He said rhe Senate should give it more consideration before making a commitment at this time.

Senator Yee then spoke in favor of having a law school at the University of Hawaii atthough he said he has always opposed it before. He said that when the law school is started he wants to be exceptionally sure that it is going to rake care of the island residents, that he does not want it to be for transients because the only reason he is shifting his vote is that many island students have difficulty being admitted to law school even with excellent grades and Hawaii should take care of its own.

He also said that the State is having monetary problems and he hopes that the Board of Regents and the legislature take into consideration a tuition that is adequate to fund the law school, that the students pay a tuition fee that is in accord with mainland standards.

Senator Mirikitani also spoke in favor of the bill pointing out that many young people with excellent grades have been refused entrance in state colleges throughout the nation, and those who have returned to Hawaii from schools abroad are faced with a local study program in order to pass the bar examination. He said money is not the real problem compared to the rest of the appropriation that the University of Hawaii uses, so if the young people are the main concern and if they are to be thought about professionally, now is the time to think about it.

Senator Wong speaking in favor of a law school said that the legislature and the Senate in particular can be proud of the program of higher education this year which has an excess of a hundred forty million dollars for the next biennium and more importantly iti commitment for quality education and quality programs. He added that a policy of controlled growth which will insure open admissions to all qualified residents have been adopted and that in all respects whatever program that is started with the law school will start at such a time that will in no way compromise the quality of that program.

Senator Taira remarked that just so it wouldn't be an issue confined solely to members of the legal profession, as a nonlawyer he would like to add that he is in favor of having a law school.

Senator Henderson then rose to speak against the measure saying that the State of Hawaii has financial problems and he feels it is foolish to proceed along the course of committing 800,000 dollars to a law school.

The motion to adopt Stand. Com. Rep. No. 797 and to pass H. B. No. 937, H. D. 1, S. D. 1, entitled: "A BILL FOR AN ACT RELATING TO THE STUDY OF LAW AND MAKING APPROPRIATIONS THEREFOR", having been read throughout, on Third Reading, was put by the Chair and carried on the following showing of Ayes and Noes:

Ayes, 18. Noes, 6 (Altiery, Anderson, Ching, Forbes, Henderson and Rohlfing).

Jan. 1972 - University President Harlan Cleveland publishes Programs in Legal Education at the University of Hawaii Including a Proposal for the Establishment of a School of Law. [s.l: s.n.], 1972. (University of Hawaii, Hamilton& Law Libraries; Call No. KF292.H382 A52)

June 1, 1972 - Act 165 becomes law.  Re-appropriates $67,000 from 1971 appropriation; authorizes the hiring of 4.3 employees including a Dean; appropriates $125,000 for operating costs.  [H.B. 2110; H.D. 2; H.S.C.R. 230-72; H.S.C.R. 459-72; S.S.C.R. 661-72; S.S.C.R. 747-72] (Legislative Reference Bureau)

Sep. 1973 - Universtiy of Hawaii Law School inaugurated by C.J. Richardson and Dean David R. Hood.  There are 53 students in the first class and six professors.  Classes began in a "temporary" wooden building in a remote part of the UH campus called "The Quarry."  Tuition was $170 a year.

Apr. 28, 1976 Legislation - Act 28, Making an appropriation for the plans and construction of interim law school facilities. [H.B. 2895] (Legislative Reference Bureau)  This legislation allocated $838,000 for plans, construction, and equipment for interim Law School facilities and for facilities for programs displaced by the Law School at the University of Hawaii, Manoa Campus.

1980 Legislation - Act 300, Making appropriations for the fiscal biennium July 1, 1979, to June 30, 1981.  This legislation allocated $6,971,000 to construct classrooms, seminar rooms, offices, library, and other facilities of the Law School.

1982 Legislation - H.R. 415, introduced on the 59th legislative day, a resolution congratulating Dean Richard S. Miller on his appointment as Dean.