THIS CASE EXPLANATION NEEDS AN EDIT:
Intent to adopt may be demonstrated by part performance or contemplation of adoption that was never carried out. In Rivolo, the respondent was taken in by the decedent and his wife. In re Rivolo Estate, 15 Cal. Rptr. 268 (Ct. App. 1961). The decedent always referred to the respondent as his “daughter” or “legally adopted daughter.” Id. at 268. On more than one occasion, the respondent recalled this decedent going down to the court house and showing her documentation that she was legally adopted. Id. at 270. The decedent told the respondent on numerous occasions that she was his legally adopted daughter and that everything would go to her. Id. at 268. Shortly before the decedent’s death, it was found that no formal adoption had taken place. Id. at 270. With these facts, the California Supreme Court held that the record established the existence of a contract of adoption by clear, convincing and unequivocal evidence and that at all times the decedent and his wife regarded and treated the respondent as their adopted daughter and she performed her duties as their daughter. Id. at 271.
THE EDIT WILL CORRECT THE FOLLOWING:
AFTER THE EDIT, THE CASE EXPLANATION IS NOW ACCOMPLISHED:
A court will likely find an intent to adopt when the foster parent continually promises to adopt the child and the existence of a familial relationship when the child performs services normally associated with a parent and child, such as caring for the sick or injured foster parent. For example, in Rivolo's Estate, the claimant was taken-in by her uncle and told she was his little girl. In re Rivolo's Estate, 15 Cal. Rptr. 268, 269 (Ct. App. 1961). A few weeks later, in the presence of the claimant’s grandmother, the claimant’s uncle told her he was going to adopt her. Id. He went to the courthouse several times with the claimant to take out letters of guardianship. Id. During one of those visits, the claimant’s uncle told her that he had just legally adopted her, and pointed to some papers as the adoption papers. Id. Over the next ten years, the uncle always introduced the claimant to others and addressed her as his daughter. Id. at 269. Moreover, she helped with his retail business and took care of him after he had been injured. Id. at 269-70. Shortly before the uncle's death, the claimant learned that he had actually never formally adopted her. Id. The court held that the claimant was entitled to inherit as an equitably adopted child because she had fully performed duties associated with being a daughter and the uncle had continually promised to adopt her and consistently presented her as his daughter. Id. at 271.
THE CASE EXPLANATION IS ACCOMPLISHED FOR THESE REASONS: