THIS CASE EXPLANATION NEEDS AN EDIT:
Intent to adopt may be demonstrated by part performance or contemplation of adoption that was never carried out. In Rivolo, the respondent was taken in by the decedent and his wife. In re Rivolo Estate, 15 Cal. Rptr. 268 (Ct. App. 1961). The decedent always referred to the respondent as his “daughter” or “legally adopted daughter.” Id. at 268. On more than one occasion, the respondent recalled this decedent going down to the court house and showing her documentation that she was legally adopted. Id. at 270. The decedent told the respondent on numerous occasions that she was his legally adopted daughter and that everything would go to her. Id. at 268. Shortly before the decedent’s death, it was found that no formal adoption had taken place. Id. at 270. With these facts, the California Supreme Court held that the record established the existence of a contract of adoption by clear, convincing and unequivocal evidence and that at all times the decedent and his wife regarded and treated the respondent as their adopted daughter and she performed her duties as their daughter. Id. at 271.
THE EDIT WILL CORRECT THE FOLLOWING:
AFTER THE EDIT, THE CASE EXPLANATION IS NOW ACCOMPLISHED:
A foster parent demonstrates an intent to adopt by explicitly promising to do so and the child shows a familial relationship when she performs services normally associated with a parent and child. For example, in Rivolo's Estate, the court held the claimant was entitled to inherit as the equitably adopted child since the deceased had taken her in as a young girl and raised her as though she was his daughter. In re Rivolo's Estate, 15 Cal. Rptr. 268-69, 271 (Ct. App. 1961). In the presence of the claimant’s grandmother, the claimant’s uncle told her he was going to adopt her. Id. at 268. He went to the courthouse several times with the claimant to take out letters of guardianship. Id. During one of those visits, the claimant’s uncle told her that he had just legally adopted her, and pointed to some papers as the adoption papers. Id. Over the next ten years, the uncle always introduced the claimant to others and addressed her as his daughter. Id. at 269. Moreover, she helped with his retail business and took care of him after he had been injured. Id. at 269-70. Shortly before the uncle's death, the claimant learned that he had actually never formally adopted her. Id. Regardless, the court reasoned she was his equitably adopted child because she had fully performed duties associated with being a daughter and the uncle had continually promised to adopt her and consistently presented her as his daughter. Id. at 271.
THE CASE EXPLANATION IS ACCOMPLISHED FOR THESE REASONS: